Castellina in Chianti stands amply protected on its hilly bedrock. The village boasts a series of patrician palazzos, restored military barracks originally built by the Guidi counts, who from Garfagnana had launched an effort to control the heart of Tuscany by either diplomatic or military means, and later by the Florentines, who were constantly on their guard against the Sienese. The centre of the built-up area is the ancient fortress, designed in the second half of the fifteenth century by the great architect Giuliano da Sangallo, of whom Giorgio Vasari wrote at length.
In Via Ferruccio one gets a sense of Castellina’s former opulence. Right at the end of this street, at the fork leading to the fortress, is the neo-Romanesque church of San Salvatore, rebuilt after its destruction in the Second World War.