Upon arriving in Arcidosso, one of the first things that grabs your attention is the impressive Monument to the Fallen at Work. To the right of the steps is a stone showing where David Lazzaretti, the Amiata Prophet, was killed in 1878.
Before heading into the old town center, stop at the church of Madonna delle Grazie (or dell’Incoronata), one of the holiest sanctuaries in the Amiata. A myriad of artworks are kept here, all by the Sienese school, including the “Virgin Mary in Glory among the Saints Sebastiano and Rocco” by Ventura Salimbeni and a “Madonna with Child” dating to the early 1400s from the Palazzo della Capitaneria, now displayed on the main altar.
Immediately outside the Porta Talassese is the little gem of the Sant’Andrea Church, dating back to 1118.
Along the road that leads to the village stands an intriguing neogothic fountain in cast iron, crafted in Follonica in the grand ducal foundries. A few ramps along and you’ll find yourself at the bottom of the Rocca, looking out over a quiet piazza.
The Rocca Aldobrandesca is one of the oldest and best-conserved medieval castles in Amiata. A visit to this important historic building is unmissable, offering you the chance to wander along an archaeological-artistic journey through the castle’s – and the wider area’s – history.
This is the perfect point to explore the paved streets that make up the heart of the historic centre; along these is the medieval San Niccolò Church, well worth having a look around. A downhill slope leads to the Terziere del Codaccio neighborhood and the San Leonardo church, built in the 12th century and reworked in the 1500s. The interior, which was destroyed in World War II, houses a number of important paintings including the Beheading of St. John the Baptist (1588-89) by Francesco Vanni. On the road to Montelaterone, a downhill section among beautiful chestnut groves leads to the Parish church of Santa Maria ad Làmulas, built in 1268 on the remains of an older building. Despite alterations which had already begun in the second half of the 13th century as well as modern restorations, it’s one of the most significant examples of Romanesque architecture in Southern Tuscany.